General Studies - Specific Required Courses

The range of hours for each area below indicates the minimum number of hours that must be chosen from that area and the maximum number of hours from that area that may count toward the total requirement. Some areas are subdivided, with ranges from each subdivision indicating the minimum that must be taken from that subdivision and the maximum that may count toward that area requirement. Credits earned beyond the listed maximum may be counted as general electives.

Engineering majors should consult the engineering section for general studies requirements.

Environmental Studies (2-8)

Environmental studies courses will introduce the student to environmental principles and help the student understand different responses to environmental problems and different forms of stewardship.

Students need to complete at least one of the following environmental studies courses to fulfill the general studies requirements. Courses should be selected in consultation with advisers since some courses may meet other general studies requirements.

Select one of the following:

BIOL 106Contemporary Biology

4

BIOL 143General Biology

4

BIOL 305General Ecology

4

ENGL 317Pacific Northwest Writers

4

ENGR 310Sustainable Energy Systems

2

ENGR 343Environmental Engineering Systems

4

ENVI 151Environmental Principles

4

ENVI 385Environmental Stewardship

4

NRSG 441Community Health Nursing

8

PHYS 201Conceptual Physics

3

PHYS 202Conceptual Physics

3

and

PHYS 204Conceptual Physics Laboratory

1

PHYS 205Conceptual Physics Laboratory

1

PHYS 212General Physics

3

PHYS 213General Physics

3

and

PHYS 215General Physics Laboratory

1

PHYS 216General Physics Laboratory

1

RELT 348Christian Ethics

3

SOCI 234/SOWK 234Current Social Problems

4

NRSG 441: Credits do not apply towards total general studies hours.

Health and Physical Education (2-6)

Courses should introduce the student to health principles and, by stressing both theory and activity, emphasize the pursuit of healthful living. (No more than 4 quarter hours from any one area will count toward the requirement.)

Activity Courses: 2-4

PEAC 107-195Activity Courses

Theory Courses in Health: 0-4

HLTH 110Wellness for Living

3

HLTH 208Drugs and Society

3

HLTH 220Human Nutrition

4

History and Social Science (12-20)

Courses in history and social science should help the student understand the forces that have shaped the individual in his culture and society.

History courses should interpret the sweep of cultures, instilling an appreciation for the development of civilization and an awareness of the unique place of the Christian church in time.

Social science courses should contribute to the student's understanding of the ideas, logic, and methods of the scientific study of human relations.

History: 8-12

HIST 120History of Western Civilization

4

HIST 121History of Western Civilization

4

HIST 122History of Western Civilization

4

HIST 221History of the United States

4

HIST 222History of the United States

4

HIST 242Modern East Asian History

4

HIST 254History of Christianity

4

HIST 275History of England

4

HIST 276History of England

4

HIST 283Spain and Latin America

4

HIST 305The Ancient Near East

4

HIST 306Classical Greece and Rome

4

HIST 354American History and Visual Culture

4

HIST 357The African American Experience

4

Social Science: 4-12

* If more than one course is selected from list, courses chosen must be from two or more subject areas.

(Must include at least one of the following: ANTH 225, PSYC 130, PSYC 344, or SOCI 204)

ANTH 225Cultural Anthropology

4

COMM 145Media and Culture

4

ECON 204Fundamentals of Economics

4

ECON 211Principles of Macroeconomics

4

ECON 212Principles of Microeconomics

4

EDUC 210Foundations of Education

3

ENVI 385Environmental Stewardship

4

GBUS 361Business Law I

4

LANG 406Language and Culture

4

PLSC 224American Government

4

PSYC 130General Psychology

4

PSYC 140Introduction to Psychology: Social Foundations

4

PSYC 141Introduction to Psychology: Biological Foundations

4

PSYC 344Social Psychology

4

PSYC 455History and Systems of Psychology

4

SOCI 204General Sociology

4

SOCI 225Marriage and Family Life (or PSYC 225)

2

SOCI 234/SOWK 234Current Social Problems

4

SOCI 236Privilege and Oppression

4

SOCI 420Immigration and Identity

4

SOWK 260Human Behavior and The Social Environment I

3

SOWK 261Human Behavior and The Social Environment II

3

TECH 321Technology and Society

4

ENVI 385: Only two hours will apply toward the social science requirement; the other two hours will apply to natural science.

Humanities (12-16)

Courses in the fine arts, literature, and philosophy should introduce the student to human aesthetic and intellectual aspirations and achievements. Fine arts and literature courses should concentrate upon ideas and styles in their cultural context rather than upon the development of skills. Philosophy courses should in their manner and subject matter clearly make for an understanding of and appreciation for philosophy as a distinct mode of inquiry.

Fine Arts: 0-8

ART 251Introduction to Art

4

ART 312Aesthetics and Photography

4

ART 324History of World Art

3

ART 325History of World Art

3

ART 326History of World Art

3

MUHL 124Introduction to Music

4

MUHL 134World Music

4

DRMA 363/ENGL 363History of Theatre

4

Literature: 0-8

ENGL 204Introduction to Literature

4

ENGL 210Survey of British and American Literature

4

ENGL 211Survey of British and American Literature

4

ENGL 212Survey of British and American Literature

4

ENGL 214Themes in Literature

4

ENGL 357The African American Experience

4

ENGL 313Image and Text

4

ENGL 317Pacific Northwest Writers

4

ENGL 358Classical Literature

4

ENGL 359World Literature

4

ENGL 360Shakespeare at Ashland

2

ENGL 368Contemporary Literature

4

ENGL 454Literature of the Bible

4

FILM 215Introduction to Film Literature

4

FILM 312Development of Film Literature

4

FILM 318Film Studies:

4; 8

FILM 319The American West in Document and Film

4

FREN 407Survey of French and Francophone Literature

4

FREN 408Contemporary French and Francophone Literature

4

SPAN 407Survey of Spanish Literature

4

SPAN 408Contemporary Latino Literature

4

ENGL 210, ENGL 211, ENGL 212: Registration requires permission of instructor.

Philosophy: 0-8

EDUC 410Philosophy of Education (or PHIL 410)

3

PHIL 204Essentials of Critical Reasoning

4

PHIL 205Introduction to Philosophy

4

PHIL 305Moral Philosophy

4

PHIL 316History of Philosophy I: Ancient (or HIST 316)

4

PHIL 317History of Philosophy II:Medieval-Early Modern (or HIST 317)

4

PHIL 407Philosophy of Science

4

PHIL 410Philosophy of Education

3

PHIL 412Philosophy of Religion

4

SPCH 341Argumentation

4

Language Arts (13-21)

Courses should introduce the student to the concepts and skills of the language arts by emphasizing the practice of effective written and oral communication. Courses in foreign language should emphasize the acquisition of such communicative skills as speaking, reading, and writing a foreign language while introducing students to a foreign culture and its thought.

College Writing: 9

ENGL 121College Writing I

3

ENGL 122College Writing II

3

ENGL 223Research Writing

3

ENGL 323Writing for Engineers

3

Speech and Writing: 0-12

The first course in the speech and writing area must be selected from speech courses.

ENGL 184Grammar and Style

3

JOUR 245Media Writing

4

JOUR 341Feature Writing

4

SPCH 101Fundamentals of Speech Communication

4

SPCH 207Small Group Communication

3

SPCH 407Advanced Small Group Communication

3

SPCH 443Persuasive Speaking

4

WRIT 324Creative Nonfiction Writing

3

WRIT 334Poetry Writing

3

WRIT 335Narrative Writing

3

WRIT 336Drama Writing

3

Foreign Language: 0-12

 12 credits of elementary (1 quarter of introduction and 2 quarters of elementary) or 8 credits of intermediate (2 quarters each).

All B.A. students are required to complete a foreign language sequence of:

  • 12 quarter hours
  • or 8 quarter hours at the intermediate level
FREN 101Elementary French

4

FREN 102Elementary French

4

FREN 103Elementary French

4

FREN 201Intermediate French

4

FREN 202Intermediate French

4

GREK 231Greek I

3

GREK 232Greek I

3

GREK 233Greek I

3

GREK 331Greek II

3

GREK 332Greek II

3

GRMN 101Elementary German

4

GRMN 102Elementary German

4

GRMN 103Elementary German

4

HEBR 331Hebrew I

4

HEBR 332Hebrew II

4

HEBR 333Hebrew III

4

LATN 211Latin I

4

LATN 212Latin I

4

LATN 213Latin I

4

LATN 311Latin II

4

LATN 312Latin II

4

LATN 313Latin II

4

SPAN 101Elementary Spanish

4

SPAN 102Elementary Spanish

4

SPAN 103Elementary Spanish

4

SPAN 201Intermediate Spanish

4

SPAN 202Intermediate Spanish

4

Mathematics and Natural Science (12-16)

Courses in mathematics should emphasize mathematical thought and practice and the relationship of mathematics to other disciplines. Courses in science should emphasize methods of measurement and discovery and should help the student to understand through theory and practice how hypotheses are developed, tested, and applied. (A minimum of 8 quarter hours must be taken from one course sequence in a laboratory science area.)

Transfer Students:

All students are required to complete a two-course sequence of a laboratory science except transfer students from accredited institutions who have completed:

  • Two different laboratory sciences before entering WWU.
  • One laboratory science that is not offered at WWU. In this case, the completion of any additional laboratory science will fulfill the requirement.

Mathematics: 4-8

MATH 105Finite Mathematics

4

MATH 112Mathematics for Elementary Teachers

3

MATH 113Mathematics for Elementary Teachers

3

MATH 117Accelerated Precalculus

5

MATH 121Precalculus Mathematics I

4

MATH 122Precalculus Mathematics II

4

MATH 123Survey of Calculus

4

MATH 181Analytic Geometry and Calculus I

4

MATH 281Analytic Geometry and Calculus II

4

MATH 206Applied Statistics

4

MATH 282Analytic Geometry and Calculus III

4

MATH 283Analytic Geometry and Calculus IV

4

Natural Science: 8-12

Eight hours must be taken from one course sequence

ASTR 141General Astronomy

3

ASTR 142General Astronomy

3

ASTR 143General Astronomy

3

ASTR 144General Astronomy Lab

1

ASTR 145General Astronomy Lab

1

ASTR 146General Astronomy Lab

1

BIOL 141General Biology

4

BIOL 142General Biology

4

BIOL 143General Biology

4

BIOL 105Contemporary Biology

4

BIOL 106Contemporary Biology

4

BIOL 121Anatomy and Physiology

4

BIOL 122Anatomy and Physiology

4

BIOL 123Anatomy and Physiology

4

CHEM 101Introductory Chemistry

4

CHEM 102Introductory Chemistry

4

CHEM 141General Chemistry

3

CHEM 142General Chemistry

3

CHEM 143General Chemistry

3

CHEM 144General Chemistry Laboratory

1

CHEM 145General Chemistry Laboratory

1

CHEM 146General Chemistry Laboratory

1

ENGR 310Sustainable Energy Systems

2

ENVI 151Environmental Principles

4

ENVI 385Environmental Stewardship

4

PHYS 201Conceptual Physics

3

PHYS 202Conceptual Physics

3

PHYS 204Conceptual Physics Laboratory

1

PHYS 205Conceptual Physics Laboratory

1

PHYS 211General Physics

3

PHYS 212General Physics

3

PHYS 213General Physics

3

PHYS 214General Physics Laboratory

1

PHYS 215General Physics Laboratory

1

PHYS 216General Physics Laboratory

1

PHYS 251Principles of Physics

3

PHYS 252Principles of Physics

3

PHYS 253Principles of Physics

3

PHYS 254Principles of Physics Laboratory

1

PHYS 255Principles of Physics Laboratory

1

PHYS 256Principles of Physics Laboratory

1

ENVI 385: Only two hours will apply toward the natural science requirement; the other two hours will apply to social science.

Religion and Theology (16-20)

Courses in religion and theology should emphasize the understanding and application of Biblical knowledge, foster continued spiritual growth, and help the student develop a personal religious philosophy and prepare for active witnessing.

A minimum of one lower-division course (courses numbered from 100 to 299) must be completed before registering for any upper-division courses (courses numbered 300 and above).

A minimum of six credits must be upper-division.

A minimum of six credits must be from biblical studies (courses with the RELB prefix).

Students, except for engineering and nursing majors, who are seeking a baccalaureate degree must complete one of the following courses:

RELT 110Introduction to Seventh-day Adventist Belief and Practice

4

RELT 202Christian Beliefs

4

RELT 417Inspiration and Revelation

3

RELH 457History of Adventism

3

Requirements for students transferring credit from non-Seventh-day Adventist, regionally accredited institutions:

Students transferring 45-89 credits from non-Seventh-day Adventist, regionally accredited colleges/universities must complete 12 credits of religion/theology at a regionally accredited SDA college/university. A minimum of 3 credits must be in biblical studies (RELB), a minimum of 3 credits must be upper-division, and one of the following courses must be completed: RELT 110, RELT 202, RELT 417, or RELH 457.

Students transferring 90-135 credits from non-Seventh-day Adventist, regionally accredited colleges/universities must complete 10 credits of religion/theology at a regionally accredited SDA college/university. A minimum of 3 credits must be from biblical studies (RELB), a minimum of 3 credits must be upper-division, and one of the following courses must be completed: RELT 110, RELT 202, RELT 417, or RELH 457.

Students transferring more than 135 credits from non-Seventh-day Adventist, regionally accredited colleges/universities must complete 8 credits of religion/theology at a regionally accredited SDA college/university. A minimum of 3 credits must be from biblical studies (RELB), a minimum of 3 credits must be upper-division, and one of the following courses must be completed: RELT 110, RELT 202, RELT 417, or RELH 457.

Biblical Studies: 6-20

RELB 104The Ministry of Jesus

4

RELB 105The Sermon on the Mount

2

RELB 106The Parables of Jesus

2

RELB 111Messages of the Old Testament

4

RELB 231Exploring the New Testament

4

RELB 301Old Testament History

3

RELB 302Pentateuch

4

RELB 303Old Testament Psalms, Stories, and Wisdom

3

RELB 304Hebrew Prophets

4

RELB 312Daniel and Jeremiah

4

RELB 333Biblical Perspectives on Healing

4

RELB 406The Bible and Its Translations

2

RELB 413Revelation

3

RELB 437Jesus and The Gospels

4

RELB 439Luke-Acts

4

RELB 441Scribes, Manuscripts, and the New Testament

2

RELB 454Literature of the Bible

4

RELB 462Paul and The Gospel

4

RELB 467Conflict and Hope in the Later New Testament Letters

4

RELB 474Study Tour: The Holy Lands and Its Peoples

4

Religion or Theology: 0-14

RELH 205Biblical Archaeology

4

RELH 303World Religions

4

RELH 455Early Church History

3

RELH 457History of Adventism

3

RELM 233Introduction to Cross-Cultural Ministry

3

RELT 110Introduction to Seventh-day Adventist Belief and Practice

4

RELT 201The Christian Way of Salvation

4

RELT 202Christian Beliefs

4

RELT 326Spirituality and Discipleship

4

RELT 340Spiritual Care and Nursing

3 - 4

RELT 342Issues of God and Faith

3

RELT 348Christian Ethics

3

RELT 352The Christian and the Environment

2

RELT 412Philosophy of Religion

4

RELT 417Inspiration and Revelation

3

RELT 465Contemporary Issues in Adventist Thought

4

General Studies Requirements for Students Who Have Earned a Previous Baccalaureate Degree at an Accredited College or University:

  1. If the student has a degree from WWU:
    1. The student must meet all general studies bulletin requirements for a second degree.
    2. The student must complete an additional 45 credits to reach a minimum total of 237 credits (245 credits if one of the degrees is engineering).
    3.  A minor is not required.
  2. If the student has a degree from an accredited institution other than WWU, the student must meet the general studies requirements as listed below.
    1. One physical education activity course (1 credit minimum).
    2. One general studies history course (4 credits minimum).
    3. One of the required general studies social science courses (4 credits minimum).
    4. Two general studies humanities courses (8 credits minimum).
    5. Students from a university/college with non-English instruction must successfully complete an English competency exam administered by the English department or have taken courses equivalent to the College Writing sequence, regardless of the courses on their transcript.
    6. One general studies mathematics course (4 credits minimum).
    7. Two general studies lab science courses (8 credits minimum).
    8. Bulletin requirements for general studies religion credits for transfer students.